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B e r l i n   -   N a p o l i


Nord-Sued (Brenner)-Express, Suedbahn engine 136 (class 206), near Trento c.1905 (coll. Josef Otto Slezak)

Lloyd-Express Genova - Cologne - Hamburg, Prussian 4-4-0 type class S6, arrival Hamburg Hbf, c.1910 (old postcard)

Riviera-Express Ventimiglia - Lyon - Amsterdam /- Berlin, PLM 4-4-0 type C174, Beaulieu 1907 (coll. Roger Commault)


The second railway crossing the Alps (after the Semmering line of Austrian Suedbahn, created by engineer von Ghega) was the Brenner line by von Etzel, inaugurated in 1867 by the Suedbahn. In 1896 a special with a Nagelmackers sleeping-car Oostende - Brenner - Brindisi was planned for the British Indian Mail, but with the 12.2 km long Frejus (Mont Cenis) tunnel by engineer Sommeiller, opened in 1871, the mail took that shorter way. Politically backed by Bismarck, the Gotthard railway in Switzerland with its 14.9 km long tunnel by engineer Favre, was completed in 1882. In 1890 CIWL got three sleeping-cars nos. 284 - 286 from USA, reportedly for a Berlin - Rome "Gotthard-Express". Obviously it did not start. By the press the nice day coaches of the Gotthardbahn were described as the"Gotthard-Express", but its famous picture is a fake.

After Prussia had given up its resistance against the Wagons-Lits company, a multitude of de-Luxe trains from Berlin to the South became introduced, often with not even a dozen passengers. From 1896 already the Wien-Nizza-Cannes-Express connected rivaling Vienna, from 1898 St. Petersburg, with the Cote d' Azur. In 1897 the "Nord-Sued (Brenner)-Express" started from Berlin to Upper Italy. In 1907 it became combined with the "Aegypten-Express" Berlin - Brenner - Naples, connecting with a steamer to Alexandria and a train to Cairo. In 1900 the Riviera- Express from Berlin and Amsterdam was inaugurated, from 1912 combined with the Lloyd-Express from Hamburg Altona via Cologne, which since 1908 connected at Genova with Norddeutscher Lloyd steamers to Egypt. In 1902 the Berlin-Neapel-Expres via Brenner had its start. As "Berlin-Rom-Neapel (Palermo, - Taormina)-Express" it became combined south of Naples with the Rome-Express, forming the Napoli-Palermo-Express. From 1911 south of Bologna it was combined with the "Wien-Rom-Neapel (-Palermo,-Taormina)-Express". Temporarily there was a CIWL saloon Florence - Rome. Between 1907 and 1909 the short-lived "Daenemark-Express" Copenghagen - Berlin via the Gedser - Warnemuende train ferry connected with the Berlin-Neapel-Express. The day-saloon train "Berlin-Wien-Express (Karlsbad, Marienbad)", a Gotthard-Express, a Berlin-Tirol-Rom-Express and a Wien-Tirol-Riviera-Express completed the confusing network of the CIWL teakwood de-Luxe trains.


Train Stockholm - Malmo with through cars for Berlin and Hamburg via Trelleborg, the connection from Scandinavia, Pacific Fm no.1200, in Sweden 1927 (SJ Jarnvagsmuseum)

De-Luxe Danmark-Express Copenhagen - Berlin - Copenhagen, Danish class C, Copenhagen 1907 (DSB Jernbanemuseet)


CIWL saloon 912 running Berlin - Vienna, Berlin-Marienbad-Wien (-Karlsbad)-Express (coll. Dr. Fritz Stoeckl)

Wien-Rom-Neapel (-Palermo,-Taormina)-Express, Suedbahn no.211, class 108, Atzgersdorf south of Vienna, May 1, 1913 (Josef Stoegermayr, Oesterreichisches Eisenbahnmuseum)

There were also the black de-Luxe compartment cars of the Austrian state railways kkStB, running on a short-term Wien-Meran-Express from 1896 and on the spa express Vienna-Marienbad-Karlsbad, known as the "Baederzug". (On this line, the author's grandfather, a kkStB locomotive driver, had a race against a motor car on a nearby road; after arrival at Karlsbad Unterer Bahnhof the car driver came and said:"Do you know who your competitor was? King George of England!"). With World War I the show of all these grand trains was over.

Berlin-Neapel-Express
CIWL de-Luxe, departure Berlin Anhalter Bf, 1902:
1F(van)CIWLBerlin - Munich - Naples
2 WL(sleeper)CIWLBerlin - Munich - Naples
1 WR(restaurant)CIWLBerlin - Munich - Naples
1 F(van)CIWLBerlin - Munich - Naples
WL from 1902/03 extended to Palermo, from 1907/08 also to Taormina as Berlin - Neapel (-Palermo,-Taormina)-Express, at Bologna combined with Wien-Rom-Neapel (Palermo,-Taormina)-Express, from 1902/03 south of Rome combined with Rome-Express, south of Naples all these trains ran combined as "Napoli-Palermo-Express". Colors: CIWL cars varnished teak.


Literature
Dr. Alfred Muehl: Internationale Luxuszuege (EK Verlag).


Wien-San Remo-Nice-Cannes-Express, BBOe 209.31, a Suedbahn series 109, Vienna Sued, April 1, 1928 (Josef Stoegermayr, a present by Ing. F. Scholz)

Riviera-Express Berlin - Basle - Milan - Cannes, DR class 01, departure Leipzig, before 1936 (Carl Bellingrodt/ Eisenbahn-Kurier)

A so-called “Baederzug” Karlsbad – Marienbad with kkStB class 60, one comfortable car for Vienna and in the rear a local observation car, at Petschau (now Becov) in the beginning of the 20th century (coll. Gerhard Puchta)

Saloon car of kkStB for Vienna – Karlsbad and a few other services before WWI (coll. Josef Ungewitter)



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