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I b e r i a n   C h r o n o l o g y

1880: CIWL WL Irun - Madrid, connecting with WL Paris-Irun
1884: Project Nord-Sud-Express, St. Petersburg - Paris - Lisbon by Georges Nagelmackers, never materialized
1887: Nov: Sud-Express, CIWL all-sleeper de-Luxe Calais - Paris Nord - Madrid - Lisbon, change of trains at Irun, northbound at Hendaye.
1887: Lisboa - Porto-Express CIWL all-sleeper day train, later saloon cars, temporarily with Sud-Express.
1889: Paris-Bordeaux-Express, CIWL day saloon de Luxe, only 1889.
1890: Sud-Express only from Paris Nord, not Calais.
1894: Pyrenees-Express CIWL all-sleeper de Luxe Paris Nord - Biarritz/Pierrefitte/Luchon.
1895: Sud-Express only from Paris Orleans to Lisbon via Medina - Vilar Formoso, on alternate days to Madrid.
1897: Sud-Express once weekly to Algeciras (London - Gibraltar Express, boat connection), short-lived.
1898: Luchon-Express CIWL all-sleeper de-Luxe Paris Nord - Toulouse - Luchon, short-lived.
1900: Sud-Express daily, between Paris Quay d'Orsay and Irun a CIWL day-saloon de-Luxe.
1903: Barcelona-Express CIWL all-sleeper de-Luxe Paris Quai d' Orsay - Toulouse - Port Bou, northhound Cerbere, CIWL saloons Port Bou - Barcelona.
1904: Barcelona-Express Paris PLM - Lyon - Port Bou (temporarily combined with Oberland - Leman-Express?)
1908: Barcelona-Express definitely via Toulouse
1908: Maroc-Express CIWL all-sleeper de-Luxe Paris - Algeciras, change at Irun/Hendaye, in France possibly WLS types A and B with suites, short-lived.
1909: Andaculia-Express CIWL de-Luxe Madrid - Sevilla, short-lived.
1910: Cote Basque-Express CIWL all-sleeper de-luxe. Paris - Irun/Biarritz/Tarbes/Luchon, with WLS, from 1912 Pyrenees - Cote d' Argent-Express.
1914: WWI until 1918, CIWL de-Luxe interrupted, but WL services continued.
1918: Barcelona-Express re-started via Toulouse, only temporarily an all-sleeper de-Luxe, Port Bou-Barcelona CIWL saloons.
1921: Sud-Express re-started as Sud-Maroc-Express to Madrid and Sud-Atlantique-Express to Lisbon, from 1922 only Sud-Express to Madrid and Lisbon, temporarily with a sleeper detached for Estoril.
1921: Pyrenees - Cote d' Argent-Express re-started.
1926: R67 with a couchette Paris - Toulouse - Port Vendres quai, connection to Alger, then a " train-paquebot ".
1926: Sud-Express in France with new "Voitures Salons Pullman", replacing old saloons.
1929: Andalucia-Pullman-Express day saloon de-Luxe Sevilla-Granada/Malaga, CIWL service and paint scheme, until 1930.
1933: Train paquebot Paris PLM - Marseille quai Joliette, including PLM Lits-salon, connection to Alger.
1936: Spanish civil war until 1939, Irun - Madrid interrupted, Irun - Lisbon with a sleeper Irun - Salamanca - Caceres - Sevilla - Cadiz.
Barcelona-Express confined to Toulouse.
1938: Sud-Express to Lisbon re-started
1939: WWII until 1945, CIWL de-Luxe stopped, after the war no longer exclusive de-Luxe trains.
1941: Mitropa sleeper Frankfurt - Irun and coach Berlin - Frankfurt - Irun (in DR timetable Sud-Express to Hendaye), connection Irun - Lisbon/Madrid. Mitropa sleeper Berlin - Frankfurt - Irun in another D391/392 and D25/26.
1943: Services from Berlin stopped.
1943: Sud-Express CIWL all-sleeper de-Luxe Irun/Bilbao - Madrid
1943: Lusitania-Express, CIWL de-Luxe Madrid Delicias - Lisbon Rossio, including Oeste coach
1944: Irun - Hendaye interrupted until 1945
1945: From autumn R1/2 Paris - Irun connecting with once-weekly Sud-Express Irun/Bilbao - Madrid.
1946: R1/2 Sud-Express Paris Austerlitz - Irun with 2 WP and SNCF coaches, also to Tarbes.
1947: Sud-Express Lisbon branch re-started.
1948: Maroc-Express Paris-Algeciras, change at Irun/Hendaye, only a few rides until 1951.
1949: Barcelona-Express re-started, temporarily cars Paris-Port Vendres Quai (boat to Alger).
1950: Talgo II Irun - Madrid, connection Pyrenees-Cote d' Argent-Express
1953: R 5/6 Sud-Express in France upgraded.
1954: Iberia-Express separated from Pyrenees-Express.
1955: Castellano Expreso all-sleeper CIWL train Madrid - Algeciras, exclusively for American Export Line passengers to New York, a few years only.
1957: Train parquebot Paris - Marseille Joliette (- Alger) stopped.
1959: Talgo II Barcelona - Madrid
1960: Iberia-Express Paris - Lisbon/Madrid, change at Irun/Hendaye, later couchettes Paris - Algeciras.
1963: Hispania-Express Copenhagen - Basle - Port Bou/Cerbere, sleeper Geneva - Port Bou, from 1969 only Hamburg/Dortmund - Port Bou, from 1982 only Geneva - Port Bou.
1965 : Sud-Express Lisbon and Madrid branch separated, until 1969.
1967: New line Burgos - Madrid via Aranda, to Madrid Chamartin instead of Norte.
1969: Puerta del Sol Paris - Madrid with direct CIWL sleepers UH.
1969: Catalan Talgo III day train Geneva - Barcelona, from 1994 only Montpellier - Barcelona
1970: Sud-Express Irun - Madrid replaced by Costa Vasca Express.
1971: Pullman disappeared from Sud-Express Paris - Irun.
1973: Sud-Express with couchette cars Paris - Lisbon, later also Paris - Porto and Vigo.
1974: Barcelona Talgo III Camas RD all-sleeper Paris - Barcelona, later Talgo Pendular "Joan Miro".
1981: Talgo Pendular Camas RD all-sleeper Paris - Madrid, later "Francisco de Goya"
1981: Puerta del Sol stopped.
1989: Talgo Pendular Camas RD all-sleeper, "Pablo Casals" Bern - Geneva - Barcelona, from 1990 Zurich - Geneva - Barcelona, combined with "Salvador Dali" Milan - Torino - Barcelona.
1989: Talgo III day train Madrid - Lisbon replaced TER, later "Luis de Camoes".
1990: WLR RIC by SZD Moscow - Frankfurt - Geneva - Irun - Madrid, until 1993.
1990: Sept: TGV Atlantique Paris Montparnasse - Irun, later also TGV Resau Lille - Irun
1991: Eca de Queiroz Irun - Lisbon, only 1991
1992: AVE Madrid Atocha - Sevilla
1994: Sud-Express no longer with direct couchettes Paris - Portugal
1995: Lusitania Talgo Pendular, sleepers and chair cars, replaced Estrella de Lusitania (Lusitania-Express) and Luis de Camoes Madrid - Lisbon.
1996: Puerta del Sol stopped
1996: Mediterraneo Talgo Pendular day train Montpellier - Valencia, later "Mare-Nostrum"
2000: Sud-Express in France disappeared, now only Irun - Lisbon.
2003: Oct: AVE Madrid Atocha - Lleida (Barcelona intended 2008, Perpignan 2009).

Gauge: Spain, Portugal 1.67m, AVE Standard gauge.



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